Q: What is the
SECURE 1000 Scanner?
A: The SECURE 1000 is a nonintrusive
personnel screening system designed to detect metallic and
nonmetallic objects concealed under a person's clothing. The turnkey
system offers numerous advantages over metal detectors and "pat
down" searches for personnel screening in correctional
facilities for visitors and inmates, asset protection in industrial
facilities such as precious metals and computer component companies
and high security installations such as nuclear facilities,
embassies and border crossing check-points.
|Q: What can the SECURE
A: The SECURE 1000 can
simultaneously locate and detect conventional metal weapons,
high-tech plastic and ceramic firearms, explosives, illegal drugs,
precious metals, cameras, recording devices and other contraband or
|Q: How are persons
A: A person faces the SECURE 1000
and a front scan is generated. The person turns around and a rear
scan is generated. Within seconds, a computer-aided image of the
subject appears on the monitor revealing any objects concealed under
or within the subjects clothing.
|Q: What is the
operating principle of the
A: A narrow, low energy x-ray beam
is scanned over the body surface. The reflection or backscatter of
the beam is detected, digitized and computer stored. The data is
then enhanced, using state-of-the-art imaging techniques to create a
display of the person and any concealed objects.
|Q: How much radiant energy
is a person exposed to?
A: Each full body scan of the SECURE
1000 produces approximately 3 microREMs of emission. This is
equivalent to the exposure every person receives each five minutes
from naturally occurring background environmental radioactivity.
|Q: Is background
radiation exposure really a good
A: Yes, because SECURE 1000 scanning
and background radiation both expose a large portion of the body to
a very low level of x-rays. The only difference is that background
radiation has slightly higher x-ray energy resulting in deeper
|Q: What about exposure
levels for individuals who are
frequent flyers or for employees in companies or high security
facilities who have to be screened each day?
A: Under current international
guidelines (such as the ANSI 43.17 Standard) up to 5000 scans per
year can be conducted safely.
|Q: Will SECURE 1000
detect objects in the body?
A: No, the x-rays penetrate only
about 1/10 (0.1) inch of the skin. Any object that would be deeper
than that level would not be detected. Under current regulations
generally body cavity inspections must be performed by high dose
medical x-ray systems in the presence of a medical professional or
body cavity searches must be performed manually by trained
|Q: How does the system
compare to a metal detector?
A: The SECURE 1000 is superior to
metal detectors in three significant ways. First, nonmetallic
objects can be detected. Second, the size, shape, and location of
the offending object is clearly shown. Third, the system can detect
much smaller amounts of metal as well as different forms of metal
including solids, powders, and liquid slurries.
|Q: Can the SECURE 1000
images be saved?
A: The images acquired with the
system can be saved on the system's hard disk or transferred to
floppy disk for training and legal documentation. The stored images
can be recalled and viewed on the system monitor or on any IBM
compatible personal computer with color graphics.
|Q: Does the SECURE 1000
work on baggage?
A: No, the system is designed and
optimized for low dose operation, which is not needed or intended
for baggage screening.
|Q: What if a person refuses
to be scanned by the SECURE 1000?
A: Persons reluctant to be scanned
can be offered the alternative of being hand searched by a security
officer. When given the option, most people would rather be scanned.
|Q: Has independent testing
verified the performance of the SECURE 1000?
A: Yes, Sandia National Laboratories
has evaluated the SECURE 1000. The Sandia report concluded that
"the SECURE 1000 does have the applicability to detection of
contraband materials" such as explosives, illegal chemicals,
weapons, and special nuclear material containers, based on its test
results. "In terms of safety, there appears to be no danger of
radiation exposure due to a mechanical malfunction". In
addition, the radiation exposure during normal operation of the
SECURE 1000 was determined to be less than 10 microREM per scan,
which is well below the allowable yearly dose of 100 milliREM
(equivalent to 32,000 scans by the SECURE 1000).
|Q: Has the FDA cleared
A: Yes, after a thorough review of
performance and safety data, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
issued a statement clearing the SECURE 1000 for sale into interstate
|Q: Is the technology
for SECURE 1000 proprietary?
A: In January, 1993, a patent was
issued for the backscatter detection system to be used by the SECURE
1000. The significance of this patent is the recognition of the
major advancement in technology that permits the safe and effective
use of reflected energy to screen for concealed objects on a
|Q: If there is a mechanical
or electronic failure, can the system expose people to excessive
A: No, there are two backup safety
systems that continually monitor the scanner during each scan.
Sandia National Laboratories and the FDA have thoroughly reviewed
these and other safety features of the system.
|Q: How long does it
take to install a system and train the operators?
A: Installation is simple, SECURE
1000 just plugs into a standard outlet (110 V or 220 V, 50/60 Hz, 10
Amp) and is immediately ready. No special shielding or calibration
is required. Security officers are ready to use the system after
only a few hours of training.
|Q: What are the
operating conditions for SECURE
A: The SECURE 1000 is designed to
operate from 0º to 40ºC (32º to 104ºF) and is only limited by
the specification of electronic subsystems such as the monitor,
power supplies, hard disk, etc. It can also operate in high humidity
environments as long as condensation does not occur on internal
|Q: How reliable is the
A: In designing the SECURE 1000
scanner, subsystems and components were specified with major
emphasis on reliability. The system has a projected lifetime well in
excess of one million scans over a period of five-to-ten years,
dependent upon usage characteristics of the customer.
|Q: What about routine
A: The SECURE 1000 has been designed
to operate reliably with only minimal, required periodic
maintenance. Rapiscan recommends that the user conduct a brief
inspection of the system approximately every 10,000 scans (or every
three months - whichever comes first) to maximize reliability. The
rear doors of the scanner should be opened and the system should be
examined for loose or damaged components, Mechanical parts should be
lubricated, and then the system should be recalibrated (if
necessary) using the automated calibration procedure.